Keepers of the Patos Light Board Meeting

Here are the minutes of Keepers of the Patos Light January Board Meeting. If you’ve ever wanted to be on a Board, join ours! We have lots of fun…

 

Minutes – Keepers of Patos Light BLM Office   Lopez Village                     January 26th, 2015

Agenda submitted per e-mail and hard copies by Linda.

Attending: Sandy Evans, Linda Hudson, Jack Pedigo,  Per Phone: Erin Corra, Bill Lavergne

Guests: Marcia deChandendes, OJ Lougheed, Nick Teague, Ann Palmer, Gary Bergren

Meeting opened at 5:00.

New Web Page: New Web Page: Our web page consultant, Ann Palmer of Technosense Consulting, demonstrated the new and updated web-site. She gave an overview and discussed its adaptability on present and future smart devices. Questions were asked and answered. Suggestions were also made about additions and changes to the site. Nick and Sandy agreed to develop a sub-committee for the site.

Review of minutes: Jack read some highlights of the last meeting.

 

Treasurer Report: Since the position is open Linda gave a general run-down on our finances: $2,790.10 in our account. $800 has been paid for 2014/2015 for liability insurance. A new print run of the book Light on the Island has been published and we will purchase about 40 copies, for a total of $400, to stock in the lighthouse for the spring and summer season. Sandy agreed to look for a new Treasurer.

 

New Positions: We will be looking for volunteers to administer: 1) Docent programs, 2) Merchandising, 3) Fundraising. Linda will make a job description for each. Marcia will work on looking for a volunteer for the Docent Program and Nick will look for a Merchandising volunteer.

 

National Monument update:

* Marcia has officially been given the position as Head of the National Monument.

* Events for Patos are being planned as part of the NM program as a site visit to Patos between the BLM and Friends of the San Juans on July 24th.

* This years’ AHS volunteer vacation is set for June 15th-20th. A work party to Patos has been scheduled as a part of the vacation.

* The Schooner Zodiac wants visit Patos on the 1st or 2nd weekend in May. We may need someone to open the lighthouse. Any for-profit group visiting BLM property needs to establish a partnership with the BLM or acquire and pay for a permit.

Grant Workshop: A workshop was held on Orcas on Nov. 18-20. Keeper’s volunteers who attended the workshop included Lisa DiGiorgio, Nic O’Neil and Vice-President, Erin Corra. Erin reported on the workshop via phone. She said the group created a model proposal for KOPL asking for the “Past Perfect” cataloging program. Lighthouse Education Programs grant application deadline is

March 2nd this year and the plan is to ask for the “Past Perfect” program to catalog KOPL photographs and artifacts. (Editor’s note: Lisa Di Giorgio and Linda met with Lopez Museum Director, Mark Thompson-Klein on Friday January 30th and it was decided that “Past Perfect” may not be the way to go as far as cataloging KOPL materials, therefore, we will revisit grant opportunities with the Grants Team). .

Docent Season: Last season the lighthouse was open 49 days with 690 Docent hours. We had 980 guests. For the 2015 season, our goal is to have a Docent(s) present every weekend from Memorial Day to Labor Day.

Upcoming work party season: Last season we had 10 day-long work parties and one 4 day work party. There were 59 individual work visits. We need some additional tools and have compiled a list. Sandy can borrow some tools from VOW. Motion made and seconded to purchase two utility carts. The motion passed for the BLM to purchase one and KOPL to purchase another.

Flagpole Committee Report: The total donations so far for this project is $1,230. It was proposed we install a temporary pole. First we need to draft a plan and talk to a BLM engineer and then submit a request for approval. Editor’s Note: Marcia said that the Flagpole Committee only needs to call the BLM office to start the process.

 

New Board Members: Motion made and seconded to nominate OJ as a board member. Motion passed.

 

Other Business: 

  • Guest Gary Bergen brought up the subject of having a third mooring buoy in Active Cove for Docent/Volunteer use. A separate administrative buoy was once in place and the anchor is still there. A recommendation needs to be made to State Parks to start the approval process.
  •  Marcia suggested a 2 day lighthouse appreciation weekend be held. The event would include: Lime Kiln, Cattle Point, Turn Point and Patos.
  • Bill L. has donated over 100 lighthouse related items to Patos. Some will be kept and some will be auctioned off. The proceeds will go toward the Flagpole Fund. So far, $115 has been raised in this way.
  • Marcia said Jennifer will return next summer under a grant subsidy. She will help with a seed bank program which will preserve rare/native plants in the San Juan Islands National Monument.
  • Marcia said that we have the opportunity to have Victoria back this summer to work on an Interpretive Plan for Patos Island and the Lighthouse. It was suggested that we ask for the amount of $2,500 through Lighthouse Educational Programs.

 

Meeting Adjourned 7:25. Next meeting in June

Jack Pedigo

Secretary

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“Beacons” From the Past to the Future

OJ Lougheed is one of our most knowledgeable and hard working volunteers….

 

Hello All,
Here is one of the reason why I am so interested in the local Lighthouses – “Beacons,” perhaps, from the past into the future. Please share with your mailing lists.
Having spent my “vacations” on Lake Baikal for the seven years I lived in Sunny Southern Siberia, I have a certain perspective on “Seas.”http://www.seadocsociety.org/salish-sea-facts/The Salish Sea is 53% of the surface area of Baikal – no one there calling it a mere lake. However, Baikal has only 27 islands, only one inhabited. The Salish Sea had 419 islands, most of them inhabited.
 

As a member of the joint islands “San Juans Alliance” (fighting fossil-fuel exports) I watched the afternoon presentations at the U.N. Climate Change talking session (yet another) yesterday. One presentation was particularly interesting – by “His Excellency the Honourable Baron Waqa M.P., President of the Republic of Nauru and Chair of the Alliance of Small Island States”:

http://aosis.org/aosis-climate-summit-address/

AOSIS released two papers yesterday:

So, what do a few historic lighthouses in the Salish Sea have to do with all this? Most of these “Beacons” have been powered by solar for several years. Turn Point has a large system installed for it’s Museum. A potential donor has offered to provide a golf cart for Patos, but it would need a solar recharging system (and approval by the National Monument). No doubt the plans for Burrows include solar.
I also found this statement in the Keynote from the 2014 Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference:…let me get specific. Assuming governmental policy regarding migration
remains unchanged, then the population of Salishland, currently 9 million, in 2100, will
be 25 to 30 million.
You heard right. 9 million today, 25 to 30 million in 2100. A tripling, or more.

– “Four Realities Circumscribing the Future of the Salish Sea”http://www.wwu.edu/salishseaconference/docs/2014x%20-%20Four%20Realities%20-%20Salish%20Sea%20Conference%20Keynote%20-%20Lackey%20-%20May%201,%202014.pdf
Coming to grips with the carrying capacity of the Salish Sea over this Century is important. “Beacons” – shining light on alternatives are needed.
 
As “Beacons,” the Lighthouses might also work with Community Solar Projects such as these to make an impact on young minds:http://www.sjislandscd.org/http://saltspringcommunityenergy.com/
Best,
Overend Joseph (“OJ”) Lougheed, Lopez Island

National Monument Committee!

Lopez and San Juan Island  Island Conservation Corps kids waving to us from the Lighthouse

Lopez and San Juan Island Island Conservation Corps kids waving to us from the Lighthouse

National Monument Advisory Committee Nominations Open Tomorrow

As someone on our informal Management Planning email list, you get a bit of a head start on this news. Tomorrow should see the publication of the official Federal Register announcement of the San Juan Islands National Monument Advisory Committee (the official name of our RAC). This will open nominations, which will have a deadline 45 days later. We should see a press release from BLM when the publication happens and that announcement will go to my broader list, facebook, etc. Start thinking now about who you’d like to encourage to apply for this and who you are able to write endorsement letters for.

The Federal Register has made the announcement available in pre-publication form and it will become official on February 6. The announcement indicates that the press release from BLM will contain more information about nominations. The form of the nominations will likely follow the application linked to from the BLM’s RAC page.

There are no surprises in the announcement, which is copied below. Some key points are highlighted in bold.


This document is scheduled to be published in the Federal Register on 02/06/2014 and available online at http://federalregister.gov/a/2014-02536, and on FDsys.gov

4310-33
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
Bureau of Land Management
Notice of Intent to Establish and Call for Nominations for the San Juan Islands National Monument Advisory Committee, Washington
AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management, Interior.
ACTION: Notice.

SUMMARY: The Bureau of Land Management (BLM) is publishing this notice in accordance with the Federal Land Policy and Management Act (FLPMA) and the Federal Advisory Committee Act (FACA). The BLM gives notice that the Secretary of the Interior is establishing the San Juan Islands National Monument Advisory Committee. This notice also solicits nominations for members of the public to sit on the Committee. The Committee will provide information and advice regarding the development of the National Monument’s management plan as stated in the Presidential Proclamation establishing the Monument.

DATES: All nominations must be received by [INSERT DATE 45 DAYS AFTER DATE OF PUBLICATION IN THE FEDERAL REGISTER].
ADDRESSES: Nominations should be submitted to Daniel Picard, BLM Spokane District Manager, 1103 N. Fancher Road, Spokane, WA 99212, Attention: RAC Nominations.
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Daniel Picard, BLM Spokane District Manager, 509-536-1200.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The FLPMA (43 U. S. C. 1739) directs the Secretary of the Interior to involve the public in planning and issues related to management of lands administered by the BLM. Section 309 of FLPMA directs the Secretary to establish 10-to-15-member citizen-based advisory councils that are consistent with FACA. The rules governing RACs are found at 43 CFR subpart 1784. As required by FACA, Resource Advisory Committee (RAC) membership must be balanced and representative of the various interests concerned with the management of the public lands. The San Juan Islands National Monument Advisory Committee will be composed of 12 members: 2 members representing recreation and tourism interests, 2 members representing wildlife and ecological interests, 2 members representing cultural and heritage interests, 2 public-at-large members, 1 member representing tribal interests, 1 member representing local government, 1 member representing education and interpretation interests, and 1 member representing private landowners. Individuals may nominate themselves or others. Nominees must be residents of the district in which the RAC has jurisdiction. The BLM will evaluate nominees based on their education, training, experience, and knowledge of the geographic area of the RAC. Nominees should demonstrate a commitment to collaborative resource decision-making. The Obama Administration prohibits individuals who are currently federally registered lobbyists to serve on all FACA and non-FACA boards, committees or councils. The following must accompany all nominations.

  • Letters of reference from represented interests or organizations;
  • A completed background information nomination form; and
  • Any other information that addresses the nominee’s qualifications.

Simultaneous with this notice, the BLM Spokane District Office will issue a press release providing additional information for submitting nominations, with the specifics about the number and categories of member positions available.

CERTIFICATION STATEMENT: I certify that the BLM San Juan Islands National Monument Advisory Committee is necessary and in the public interest in connection with the Secretary’s responsibilities to manage the lands, resources and facilities administered by the BLM.
(Authority: 43 CFR 1784.4-1).
Dated: Jan. 24, 2014.
_____________________________
Sally Jewell,
Secretary of the Interior.
[FR Doc. 2014-02536 Filed 02/05/2014 at 8:45 am; Publication Date: 02/06/2014]

Copyright © 2014 Tom Reeve, All rights reserved.
You are receiving this email because you expressed interest in remaining closely involved with the process for creating the Resource Management Plan for the San Juan Islands National Monument.
Our mailing address is:

Tom Reeve

778 Flint Road

Lopez Island, WA 98261

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Great News For Washington Lighthouses!

PRESS RELEASE
February 18, 2014
Contact: Nan Devlin
nan@devlinendean.com
971 235-9785
Devlin Endean Marketing Group

Keep Washington Shining campaign spotlights lighthouse funding, encourages drivers to choose a Washington Lighthouse license plate.

Since 2009, license plates have funded $125,000 in restoration projects; more support needed to help preserve 13 nonprofit lighthouses open to public.

Coupeville, Wash. Feb. 18, 2014 – Lighthouse Environmental Programs (LEP), a Whidbey Island based non-profit organization announced today the launch of the Keep Washington Shining campaign to encourage drivers to choose a Washington Lighthouse specialty license plate for their car, motorcycle, trailer or RV. The campaign is designed to make drivers aware of the direct impact they have on ensuring Washington’s coastal treasures for generations to come.

The state’s iconic lighthouses are generously supported by the efforts of donors, enthusiasts, volunteers and other funding sources. A substantial portion of the funding for restoration, preservation and interpretive projects comes from grants supported by proceeds from sales of the Washington Lighthouse specialty license plate.

For each license plate sold and renewed, LEP, which manages the license plate funds, receives $28. To date, license plate sales have funded $125,000 in grants to help fund various projects for lighthouses all along Washington’s coastline.

“The $28 LEP receives is a tax-deductible donation for the driver, and one that many Washington employers will match,” said Julie Pigott, license plate grant administrator for LEP and the WSU Extension of Island County Lighthouse Program Coordinator in Coupeville. “We want our state drivers to know that the one simple thing of purchasing a Washington Lighthouse license plate makes all the difference in whether a lantern house or leaky roof can be repaired.”

Pigott says that keeping the state’s lighthouses in good condition is about more than preserving history.

“Lighthouses were vital in developing our entire state and region, helping ships of all types safely navigate our waterways,” said Pigott. “Today, they are equally vital to the vibrancy of coastal communities by attracting thousands and thousands of tourists each year.”

The 12 nonprofit lighthouses and one lightship eligible for grants attract maritime enthusiasts and cultural visitors every year. Log books show many visitors are from within Washington, yet for many lighthouses, a majority of visitors are from other states, as well as Canada, Europe, Japan and Australia. While admission to lighthouses is often free, these visitors will spend money on lodging, food and shopping, helping small businesses thrive.

A new website, washingtonlighthouses.org, features the history, stories, restoration efforts and visitor information about the lighthouses that benefit from LEP funds. These lighthouses include Admiralty Head (Coupeville, Whidbey Island), Browns Point (Tacoma) Burrows Island (near Anacortes), Grays Harbor (Westport), Lime Kiln (San Juan Islands), Mukilteo (Mukilteo), New Dungeness (Sequim), North Head (Ilwaco), Patos Island (San Juan Islands), Point No Point (Hansville, Kitsap Peninsula), Point Robinson (Vashon Island), Turn Point (San Juan Islands) and the Swiftsure Lightship (Seattle).

License plate funds also go toward three WSU Extension of Island County programs supported by LEP: WSU Beach Watchers, WSU Lighthouse Docents and WSU Waste Wise Volunteers.

For more information about LEP and the Keep Washington Shining campaign, visit washingtonlighthouses.org or follow on Facebook at Washington Lighthouses.

About Lighthouse Environmental Programs

LEP is established as a Washington Non-Profit Corporation to provide advisory support and fiduciary services for specified educational programs in Island County Washington. When you purchase a Washington Lighthouse license plate, your contribution funds restoration and preservation of the Admiralty Head Lighthouse and 12 other Washington State Lighthouses. Funds also go toward three Washington State University (WSU) Extension of Island County programs holding membership in LEP: WSU Beach Watchers, WSU Lighthouse Docents and WSU Waste Wise Volunteers. LEP also provides fiduciary functions supporting Keepers of Admiralty Head Lighthouse, a fund raising membership group focused on restoration and enhancement of the interpretive displays at Admiralty Head Lighthouse. For more information, visit washingtonlighthouses.org

Where’s the Flagpole?

Lighthouse guests often ask us, “Where’s the flagpole?” Well, we have no idea when the flag and flagpole were taken down, but my guess is that when the Coast Guard automated the light left Patos Island in the early “70s, the flagpole and flag might have gone with them.

We have some pictures of the flag flying over the lighthouse complex in the mid/late 1950s, courtesy of Coast Guard Officer-in-Charge at that time, Dale Nelson.

The flag pole in 1958

The flag pole in 1958

As many of us think that it would be appropriate to bring the flag and flagpole back to Patos Island, steps are being taken to ensure that it does. With the help of a generous $500 donation from Patos Bill LaVergne, which was given to us at last week’s birthday party, we can get started on this project.

As the first step in the plan will be getting approval from the BLM for the project, I plan to contact the folks at the Turn Point Lighthouse Society (Stuart Island), who went through the approval process for their flagpole a few years ago. Bill and I hope to involve other old Coast Guard men and their wives to get the ball rolling.

Anyone who wants to help with this project; letter writing, donations and/or research, should contact Keepers at patoslightkeepers@hotmail.com. And a BIG thank-you to Patos Bill for getting us started on this wonderful project! 🙂

Coast Guard Officer-in-Charge Dale Nelson climbed on the flagpole to take this wonderful picture of the lighthouse, late "50s.

Coast Guard Officer-in-Charge Dale Nelson climbed on the flagpole to take this wonderful picture of the lighthouse, late “50s.

 

The Full Text…

Here is the full text of the National Monument Proclamation.  The wording is really beautiful. What a day!

 

Presidential Proclamation — San Juan Islands National Monument

ESTABLISHMENT OF THE SAN JUAN ISLANDS NATIONAL MONUMENT

– – – – – – –

BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

A PROCLAMATION

Within Washington State’s Puget Sound lies an archipelago of over 450 islands, rocks, and pinnacles known as the San Juan Islands. These islands form an unmatched landscape of contrasts, where forests seem to spring from gray rock and distant, snow-capped peaks provide the backdrop for sandy beaches. Numerous wildlife species can be found here, thriving in the diverse habitats supported by the islands. The presence of archeological sites, historic lighthouses, and a few tight-knit communities testifies that humans have navigated this rugged landscape for thousands of years. These lands are a refuge of scientific and historic treasures and a classroom for generations of Americans.

The islands are part of the traditional territories of the Coast Salish people. Native people first used the area near the end of the last glacial period, about 12,000 years ago. However, permanent settlements were relatively uncommon until the last several hundred years. The Coast Salish people often lived in villages of wooden-plank houses and used numerous smaller sites for fishing and harvesting shellfish. In addition to collecting edible plants, and hunting various birds and mammals, native people used fire to maintain meadows of the nutritionally rich great camas. Archaeological remains of the villages, camps, and processing sites are located throughout these lands, including shell middens, reef net locations, and burial sites. Wood-working tools, such as antler wedges, along with bone barbs used for fishing hooks and projectile points, are also found on the islands. Scientists working in the San Juan Islands have uncovered a unique array of fossils and other evidence of long-vanished species. Ancient bison skeletons (10,000-12,000 years old) have been found in several areas, indicating that these islands were an historic mammal dispersal corridor. Butcher marks on some of these bones suggest that the earliest human inhabitants hunted these large animals.

The first Europeans explored the narrows of the San Juan Islands in the late 18th century, and many of their names for the islands are still in use. These early explorers led the way for 19th century European and American traders and trappers. By 1852, American settlers had established homesteads on the San Juan Islands, some of which remain today. In the late 19th century, the Federal Government built several structures to aid in maritime navigation. Two light stations and their associated buildings are located on lands administered by the

Bureau of Land Management (BLM): Patos Island Light Station (National Register of Historic Places, 1977) and Turn Point Light Station (Washington State Register of Historic Places, 1978).

The lands on Patos Island, Stuart Island, Lopez Island, and neighboring islands constitute some of the most scientifically interesting lands in the San Juan Islands. These lands contain a dramatic and unusual diversity of habitats, with forests, woodlands, grasslands, and wetlands intermixed with rocky balds, bluffs, inter-tidal areas, and sandy beaches. The stands of forests and open woodlands, some of which are several hundred years old, include a majestic assemblage of trees, such as Douglas fir, red cedar, western hemlock, Oregon maple, Garry oak, and Pacific madrone. The fire-dependent grasslands, which are also susceptible to invasive species, are home to chick lupine, historically significant great camas, brittle cactus, and the threatened golden paintbrush. Rocky balds and bluffs are home to over 200 species of moss that are extremely sensitive to disturbance and trampling. In an area with limited fresh water, two wetlands on Lopez Island and one on Patos Island are the most significant freshwater habitats in the San Juan Islands.

The diversity of habitats in the San Juan Islands is critical to supporting an equally varied collection of wildlife. Marine mammals, including orcas, seals, and porpoises, attract a regular stream of wildlife watchers. Native, terrestrial mammals include black-tail deer, river otter, mink, several bats, and the Shaw Island vole. Raptors, such as bald eagles and peregrine falcons, are commonly observed soaring above the islands. Varied seabirds and terrestrial birds can also be found here, including the threatened marbled murrelet and the recently reintroduced western bluebird. The island marble butterfly, once thought to be extinct, is currently limited to a small population in the San Juan Islands.

The protection of these lands in the San Juan Islands will maintain their historical and cultural significance and enhance their unique and varied natural and scientific resources, for the benefit of all Americans.

WHEREAS section 2 of the Act of June 8, 1906 (34 Stat. 225, 16 U.S.C. 431) (the “Antiquities Act”), authorizes the President, in his discretion, to declare by public proclamation historic landmarks, historic and prehistoric structures, and other objects of historic or scientific interest that are situated upon the lands owned or controlled by the Government of the United States to be national monuments, and to reserve as a part thereof parcels of land, the limits of which in all cases shall be confined to the smallest area compatible with the proper care and management of the objects to be protected;

WHEREAS it is in the public interest to preserve the objects of scientific and historic interest on the lands of the San Juan Islands;

NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of America, by the authority vested in me by section 2 of the Antiquities Act, hereby proclaim the objects identified above that are situated upon lands and interests in

lands owned or controlled by the Government of the United States to be the San Juan Islands National Monument (monument), and, for the purpose of protecting those objects, reserve as a part thereof all lands and interests in lands owned or controlled by the Government of the United States and administered by the Department of the Interior through the BLM, including all unappropriated or unreserved islands, rocks, exposed reefs, and pinnacles above mean high tide, within the boundaries described on the accompanying map, which is attached to and forms a part of this proclamation. These reserved Federal lands and interests in lands encompass approximately 970 acres, which is the smallest area compatible with the proper care and management of the objects to be protected.

All Federal lands and interests in lands within the boundaries of the monument administered by the Department of the Interior through the BLM are hereby appropriated and withdrawn from all forms of entry, location, selection, sale, leasing, or other disposition under the public land laws, including withdrawal from location, entry, and patent under the mining laws, and from disposition under all laws relating to mineral and geothermal leasing, other than by exchange that furthers the protective purposes of this proclamation.

The establishment of the monument is subject to valid existing rights. Lands and interests in lands within the monument boundaries not owned or controlled by the Government of the United States shall be reserved as a part of the monument upon acquisition of ownership or control by the Secretary of the Interior (Secretary) on behalf of the United States.

The Secretary shall manage the monument through the BLM as a unit of the National Landscape Conservation System, pursuant to applicable legal authorities, to implement the purposes of this proclamation, except that if the Secretary hereafter acquires on behalf of the United States ownership or control of any lands or interests in lands within the monument boundaries not owned or controlled by the United States, the Secretary shall determine whether such lands and interests in lands will be administered by the BLM as a unit of the National Landscape Conservation System or by another component of the Department of the Interior, consistent with applicable legal authorities.

For purposes of protecting and restoring the objects identified above, the Secretary, through the BLM, shall prepare and maintain a management plan for the monument and shall establish an advisory committee under the Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.) to provide information and advice regarding the development of such plan.

Except for emergency, Federal law enforcement, or authorized administrative purposes, motorized vehicle use in the monument shall be permitted only on designated roads, and non-motorized mechanized vehicle use in the monument shall be permitted only on designated roads and trails.

Nothing in this proclamation shall be deemed to enlarge or diminish the rights of any Indian tribe. The Secretary shall, in consultation with Indian tribes, ensure the protection of religious and cultural sites in the monument and provide access to the sites by members of Indian tribes for traditional cultural and customary uses, consistent with the American Indian Religious Freedom Act (42 U.S.C. 1996) and Executive Order 13007 of May 24, 1996 (Indian Sacred Sites).

Nothing in this proclamation shall be deemed to enlarge or diminish the jurisdiction or authority of the State of Washington or the United States over submerged or other lands within the territorial waters off the coast of Washington.

Nothing in this proclamation shall be deemed to enlarge or diminish the jurisdiction of the State of Washington with respect to fish and wildlife management.

Nothing in this proclamation shall be deemed to limit the authority of the Secretary of Homeland Security to engage in search and rescue operations, or to use Patos Island Light Station, Turn Point Light Station, or other aids to navigation for navigational or national security purposes.

Nothing in this proclamation shall be deemed to revoke any existing withdrawal, reservation, or appropriation; however, the monument shall be the dominant reservation.

Nothing in this proclamation shall be deemed to restrict safe and efficient aircraft operations, including activities and exercises of the Armed Forces and the United States Coast Guard, in the vicinity of the monument.

Warning is hereby given to all unauthorized persons not to appropriate, injure, destroy, or remove any feature of the monument and not to locate or settle upon any of the lands thereof.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this twenty-fifth day of March, in the year of our Lord two thousand thirteen, and of the Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and thirty-seventh.

BARACK OBAMA